Chosen from 36,000 suggestions, the name was revealed at the Airbus facility in Stevenage, in the United Kingdom, where the rover is being assembled.
In addition to the core sampler, the Rosalind Franklin carries the Water Ice and Subsurface Deposit Information on Mars (WISDOM), Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars (ISEM), Mars Multispectral Imager for Subsurface Studies (Ma-Miss), the Close-Up Imager (CLUPI), and the Pasteur Instrument Suite.
"Just as Rosalind Franklin overcame many obstacles during her career, I hope "Rosalind the Rover" will successfully persevere in this exciting adventure, inspiring generations of female scientists and engineers to come", said Skidmore. Franklin captured structural images of substances like viruses and coal, as well as the crucial biological compounds DNA and RNA, which both carry genetic information. Once on the surface of the Red Planet, the Rosalind Franklin rover will be tasked with searching for the building blocks of life.
The ExoMars mission will launch in summer 2020 from the Roscosmos site in Kazakhstan, where current astronaut missions launch to the International Space Station. The submissions were part of a competition launched by the UK Space Agency in July past year.
The brilliant, but long-unrecognised, 20th century British scientist's name was selected with the help of a public competition in which almost 36,000 took part.
Peake said: "This rover will scout the Martian surface equipped with next-generation instruments, a fully-fledged automated laboratory on Mars". "With it, we are building on our European heritage in robotic exploration, and at the same time devising new technologies". "Science is in our DNA, and in everything we do at ESA", said Johann-Dietrich "Jan" Wörner, Director General of the European Space Agency, during the naming ceremony. "Science is in our DNA, and in everything we do at ESA". Now, ESA honored Rosalind Franklin by naming its next Mars Rover after her.
The Government's modern Industrial Strategy is backing businesses to succeed by increasing investment in science, because countries that invest in ideas create more opportunities for business.
The rover is under development in the UK. In Watson's book "The Double Helix", which shaped the narrative around the discovery of the structure of DNA for decades, he painted a vituperative picture of Franklin, whom he referred to as "Rosy".
"Watson and Crick never told Franklin that they had seen her materials, and they did not directly acknowledge their debt to her work when they published their classic announcement in Nature that April", the U.S. National Library of Medicine writes.