Friday, 18 January, 2019

Nicotine vaping on rise among United States teenagers

Teen vape use doubled in the last year Vaping among teens on the rise, according to study
Melissa Porter | 19 December, 2018, 21:26

In this April 11, 2018, photo, an unidentified 15-year-old high school student uses a vaping device near the school's campus in Cambridge, Mass. Health and education officials across the country are raising alarms over wide underage use of e-cigarettes and other vaping products. According to the 2018 Monitoring the Future (MTF) report, 37.3-percent of high school-aged teenagers reported having vaped at some point over the last year, this compared to 27.8-percent from last year's survey.

More than 45,000 students in 8th, 10th, and 12th grade took part in the survey. Perceived prevalence of vaping devices and liquids increased from 45.7 percent to 66.6 percent among teenagers since previous year.

"Teens are clearly attracted to the marketable technology and flavorings seen in vaping devices", Dr. Nora D Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, told the Guardian.

The percent of 12th-graders who said they only vaped flavoring in the past year increased to 25.7 percent in 2018, up from 20.6 percent in 2017.

The survey has tracked drug, alcohol and cigarette use among teens since 1975. "The consumer doesn't always know that, so they may not be aware that they're using nicotine when they're using this product".

Last month, the US Food and Drug Administration, facing mounting pressure to act on the rising popularity of vaping devices, announced sweeping new restrictions on flavored tobacco products, including e-cigarettes.

When electronic cigarettes first took hold among USA teens almost a decade ago, public-health experts fretted that the slick devices would lure a new generation of kids into tobacco use.

The survey also found a significant jump in the perceived availability of e-cigarettes.

Health experts fear that the high nicotine content of vaping liquids can be extremely addictive for teenagers and ultimately lead them to traditional cigarettes.

The federally funded survey released Monday is conducted by University of MI researchers and has been operating since 1975.

The vape craze exploded when the Juul, an electronic cigarette brand with a sleek design resembling a flash drive, started popping up on school campuses. Other e-cigarettes use "e-juice" or nicotine liquids that not only come in appealing flavors but are often packaged to look like candy.

Amongst other things, the Committee proposed reviewing provisions in the Tobacco and Related Products Regulations, to include HnBs in the Government's annual review of safer nicotine products, and also reassess the evidence supporting the ban on snus.

Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine. Regulators will need to pay close attention to the fast-changing market and be ready to modify their policies if necessary, they said. Fewer teens reported binge drinking (five or more drinks in a row).