Monday, 19 November, 2018

Travellers will be questioned by AI lie detectors at the European Union border

A border control bot will start scanning faces for lies in the EU Experimental AI lie detector will help screen EU travelers
Sherri Watson | 03 November, 2018, 16:14

The EU is spending nearly £4 million on the IBORDERCTRL project, which involves a total seven member states, including the United Kingdom, where scientists from Manchester Metropolitan University are developing the actual lie detector test.

The system will ask travelers security questions, such as questions about what's in their luggage, while scanning their faces for "micro-gestures" that can indicate if they're lying.

The experimental project called iBorderCtrl will run for 6 months at borders points Hungary, Greece and Latvia for countries outside the EU. People crossing the four borders will have to fill out and sign some forms, upload documents such as their passport, visa and proof of funds, and then will be asked some questions by the virtual border guard.

The system utilizes "micro-expressions of travelers to figure out if the interviewee is lying", according to the European Commission's website.

After arriving at the border, travelers who were flagged as low risk will receive a quick review of the information they submitted.

At the end of the test, Schengen visitors will be marked either as low risk and be allowed to cross the border easily, or as high risk and thus be subjected to further investigation by actual border guards.

Hand-held devices will cross-check information, comparing facial images with passport photos. "Only then does a border guard take over from the automated system".

Earlier this week, researchers from the Cardiff University and the Charles III University of Madrid revealed VeriPol, an artificial intelligence system which is now being used across Spain by law enforcement to detect fake reports of criminal activity.

Of course, there's the question of how accurate a system like this could be. iBorderCtrl is still in its early stages, and a team member told New Scientist that early testing provided a 76 percent success rate, but believe this could be raised to 85 percent. In 2015 large numbers of people attempted to cross into the European Union from the Middle East many of these were people escaping violence in Syria. Its goal is to detect illegal crossings, criminals and terrorists.