Monday, 21 January, 2019

NASA's spacecraft breaks record for closest approach to Sun

Enlarge Image This illustration shows the probe nearing the sun.                  NASA  Johns Hopkins APL  Steve Gribben Enlarge Image This illustration shows the probe nearing the sun. NASA Johns Hopkins APL Steve Gribben
Theresa Hayes | 03 November, 2018, 02:35

The Parker Solar Probe now holds two records: Closest approach to the sun by a spacecraft and fastest human-made object relative to the Sun.

The Parker probe was launched on August 12 from the spaceport at Cape Canaveral (Florida), he went into space with the help of a heavy launch vehicle Delta IV.

The Parker Solar Probe is now the closest spacecraft to the sun-it passed the current record of 26.55 million miles from the sun's surface at 1:04 p.m. on Monday, as calculated by the Parker Solar Probe team. At that time, the German-American probes "Helios 1" and "Helios 2", which were, however, with around 45 million kilometers a greater distance from the heat the ball began.

Its final close approach - coming just 3.83 million miles from the Sun's surface - is expected in 2024, NASA said.

"It's been just 78 days since Parker Solar Probe launched, and we've now come closer to our star than any other spacecraft in history", Andy Driesman, from the John Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory in Maryland, said in a statement. Parker Solar Probe's speed and position were calculated using DSN measurements made on October 24, and the team used that information along with known orbital forces to calculate the spacecraft's speed and position from that point on.At its current distance to the Sun, the probe requires 150 days to make a complete orbit. Again, it broke a record set by Helios 2. "It's a proud moment for the team, though we remain focused on our first solar encounter, which begins [today]". Its mission is to learn everything it can about the center of the solar system, the sun.

The Parker Solar Probe will continue to fly nearer to the surface of the sun, facing intense heat and radiation to deliver new information. At about 10:54 p.m. EDT, #ParkerSolarProbe surpassed 153,454 miles per...

NASA Parker Solar Probe breaks the record. The Probe measures its own speed and position, the Deep Space Network or DSN then retrieves that data before sending it to NASA ground control. "The objective of the Parker probe is to study the effect of the sun on the surface of the Earth".

So keep an eye on the news this Wednesday, on 31 October when the Parker Solar Probe will make the first encounter with the Sun and on November 5 at 10:28 pm EST when it will first reach its perihelion.