The report underscores the urgency of this Agreement and its ambitious target. "Actions need to be taken now if suffering, disruption, and conflict are to be avoided". That change has contributed to sea level rise, the melting of Arctic sea ice, coral bleaching of ocean reefs and ocean acidification.
The faster rate of temperature increase here is due to the fact that continents warm more quickly than oceans, Gutzler explained: "The world is mostly ocean, and we are in the middle of a continent, so when people talk about global warming of one, two or three degrees, for our region, we're thinking about double those numbers".
This week's report from worldwide scientists was stark and urgent.
Both Labor and the Greens attacked the Coalition government, signalling the likelihood that climate change will become a major issue at the next federal poll due by mid-2019.
Australian Conservation Foundation chief executive Kelly O'Shanassy called on the government to change tactics.
"He said the government would not change policy "just because somebody might suggest that some sort of report is the way we need to follow and everything that we should do". World transportation systems must be transformed from fossil fuels to electric to take advantage of that shift to renewables. Since glaciers are a "critical resource" for tourism, they might affect this sector, though the report notes "limited analyses of projected risks associated with 1.5° versus 2°C are available".
Vietnam's contributions to global goals and climate change response in the fields of agriculture, rural development, natural resources, and the environment, among others, were also introduced at the event. The Supplementary Material for this chapter includes a table titled "Overarching adaptation options".
The point is whether the human race will find the collective political and moral will to fight climate change.
The data in the UN's new document is unlikely to sway Trump, who has vowed to pull the US out of the Paris Agreement and has taken steps to dismantle every major policy created to reduce the nation's carbon footprint. On current trajectories, the Paris Agreement target will be missed by a wide margin, however bullish the build-out forecasts for "high fractions" of wind and solar power to soon be supplanting that from oil, gas and coal. That Global Stocktake will provide a full assessment of the progress towards the achievement of the objective and goals of the agreement. To date, mitigation pledges by nations fall far short of what is needed, with global temperatures on track for warming of 3.2C by 2100. "But we also show with high confidence that climate -resilient trajectories at 1.5°C are possible and feasible, requiring transformative visions from a range of people to lead to a sustainable future for all".