Wednesday, 18 July, 2018

Woman Diagnosed with West Nile Virus, Illinois Calls in CDC

The Pantagraph  David Proeber via AP The Pantagraph David Proeber via AP
Melissa Porter | 25 June, 2018, 08:28

The California Department of Public Health (CDPH) announced the first confirmed illnesses in California due to West Nile virus (WNV) on June 15, reporting that the four illnesses occurred in Los Angeles, Kern, and Riverside counties.

To avoid contracting the virus, people should wear long-sleeved shirts, trousers and socks to prevent mosquito bites, use buy repellent, limit time spent outdoors during the dawn and dusk hours when mosquitoes are most active and drain standing water where mosquitoes can breed. There are no human cases so far, officials say, but the season is young.

While the West Nile Virus does not cause serious sickness for most people, it causes neurologic illnesses like encephalitis in less than one percent of those infected, and led to 44 deaths in California in 2017. For the 2017 season, IDPH reported 90 human cases (although human cases are underreported), including eight deaths. Common symptoms include fever, nausea, headache and muscle aches. Symptoms may last from a few days to a few weeks.

Four out of five people who become infected with West Nile virus won't have any symptoms. Make sure that your doors and windows have tight-fitting screens to keep out mosquitoes. Fix or replace screens that have tears or other openings. Eliminate, or refresh each week, all sources of standing water where mosquitoes can breed, including bird baths, ponds, flowerpots, wading pools, old tires and any other containers.

Wear long-sleeved shirts, socks, and long trousers to prevent mosquito bites. Consult a physician before using repellents on infants.

The recent floods and higher water in many areas across the South Okanagan have resulted in an increase in standing water and more mosquitoes hatching. The local health department or city government may be able to add larvicide to the water, which will kill any mosquito eggs.

A dead bird found in Santa Cruz County tested positive for West Nile Virus, county health officials said Friday. DHHS and LLCHD encourage citizens to report dead birds to the agencies, so the birds can be tested.

West Nile virus was first detected in the U.S.in 1999.