Thursday, 13 December, 2018

The 2018 Hurricane Season Is Approaching. Here's What You Should Know

USA hurricane weather NOAA forecast tropical storm NHC GETTYThe NOAA forecast also said about half of the 10 to 16 named storms will be hurricanes
Theresa Hayes | 28 May, 2018, 10:48

The 2018 hurricane season in the Atlantic, which officially kicks off June 1, is expected to be of average to above-average in intensity, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Organization's annual hurricane forecast released Thursday.

Overall, NOAA predicts that there will be 10-16 named storms, of which 5-9 could become hurricanes, and 1-4 of those could be major hurricanes. A major hurricane occurs when the wind speeds reach 111 miles per hour or more.

As for this year CBS Miami is predicting a 35 per cent chance of an above normal hurricane season for the 2018 year. An average hurricane season in recent years is defined as 12 named storms, six of which are hurricanes and three of which are major hurricanes. "The devastating hurricane season of 2017 demonstrated the necessity for prompt and accurate hurricane forecasts". There were 17 named storms and 10 hurricanes, including Harvey, Irma and Maria, which devastated parts of Texas, Florida and the Caribbean.

The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30. The latest monster in the Atlantic is Hurricane Maria, which mushroomed into a Category 5 storm with rare 175 miles per hour winds before slamming into Puerto Rico as a Category 4 behemoth, causing massive destruction and knocking out power to the entire island.

The agency expects five to nine hurricanes, which have winds of 74 miles per hour or higher.

El Nino, a climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean characterized by unusually warm ocean temperatures, works to suppress the Atlantic hurricane season, explained Bell.

USA hurricane weather NOAA forecast tropical storm NHC
GETTYAn average Atlantic hurricane season produces 12 named storms

NOAA slightly underestimated just how bad those hurricanes would be.

Tallied together, 16 major weather disasters in the United States, including hurricanes, cost the USA $306.2 billion in 2017, shattering the previous cost record of $214.8 billion in 2005, said NOAA.

The actual season was right on the high end of that prediction range.

NOAA officials said their fleet of earth-observing satellites is "more robust than ever", providing a comprehensive picture of weather throughout the Western Hemisphere, allowing forecasters to observe storms as they develop. A storm only gets a name when the sustained wind speeds reach 39 miles per hour, a NOAA spokesperson told Newsweek.

"Environmental conditions are forecast to become more conducive for development through early next week, and a subtropical or tropical depression is likely to form by late Saturday over the southeastern Gulf of Mexico".