Sunday, 20 May, 2018

STD cases drastically climb in California

Health officials say record number of Californians diagnosed with STDs last year STD Rate In California Hits New High: Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis Worst Culprits
Melissa Porter | 15 May, 2018, 23:38

California is in the midst of a sexually-transmitted disease (STD) epidemic, and it's so bad that the number of stillbirths due to syphilis has reached a 20-year high, U.S. News & World Report is reporting. As many as 218,710 cases of chlamydia were recorded, marking the highest rate since 1990. The state health agency reminds Californians that chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease and lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain if they go untreated.

Cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea and early syphilis were concentrated among those younger than 30.

Syphilis can cause permanent loss of vision, hearing and other neurological problems. Young women made up the majority of chlamydia cases; men accounted for the majority of syphilis and gonorrhea cases. Congenital syphilis is a growing problem in Washington. African-Americans had early-syphilis rates two-times higher than whites. That could be a lingering effect of the 2008 financial crisis, when the state budget slashed public health funding. However, Dr. James Watt, the chief of communicable disease control division for CDPH said that social media has played a vital role in helping many people discover anonymous or random sex partners.

National STD data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention can be found in the 2016 Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance Report.

Therefore, in order to educate people and spread awareness about the alarming risks of STD, the health officials are now working with schools, community groups as well as youth organisations across California.

As students are warned in high school health classes, sexually transmitted diseases can have risky consequences.

'For sexual health, primary care wasn't the most effective method, ' Bauer said. In women, it can also be passed to the baby, called congenital syphilis and can result in stillbirth, early death, or long-term infection.

"While there are advocates and champions for cancer, nobody is out there saying, 'I have gonorrhea and these are the best ways to treat it.' There's no one out there being a champion for these conditions".

"We all need to keep making the public aware of and encourage sexually-active individuals to get tested for STDs on a regular basis-and be treated, if and as necessary-and to also use tools like condoms to prevent or reduce the likelihood of infections".

The diagnosis rate for chlamydia was 552.1 cases per 100,000 Californians, compared to 497.3 per 100,000 nationwide.