Sunday, 22 April, 2018

Google Doodle Celebrates William Henry Perkins, Who Made the World More Purple

Google Doodle Celebrates William Henry Perkins, Who Made the World More Purple Google Doodle Celebrates William Henry Perkins, Who Made the World More Purple
Theresa Hayes | 12 March, 2018, 16:47

Sir William Henry Perkin is known for his contribution to the pharmaceutical and chemical industries but he discovered the synthetic dye when he was just 18.

Designed by UK-based illustrator, Sonny Ross, the doodle leads to a search for "Sir William Henry Perkin" and highlights the purple-colored fabrics made possible by Perkin's dye.

The colour of the dye Perkin had discovered accidentally was purple while he was trying to synthesise quinine in the lab for the treatment of malaria at the age of 18. Perkin noticed that the substance left a purple stain when diluted with alcohol increasing his curiosity.

According to the Google, after the discovery, "he focused on the patenting, manufacturing, and commercialization of this purple dye, which he named "mauveine". The doodle was in celebration of what would have been his 180th birthday.

This was the flawless time for Perkin to have made his discovery and he went about getting his father to invest in his discovery, which caught on in Britain's booming textile industry right away.

Until the mid-1800s, purple clothing was hard to come by and restricted only to those who could afford the expensive fabrics.

Perkin's "strong and inexpensively produced mauveine" made the colour more accessible, and therefore more popular, and even Queen Victoria work a mauveine dress to an event in 1862.

After decades dedicated to manufacturing and working on dyes, Perkin went back to research after he sold his factory in 1874.

Perkin was knighted in 1906, on the 50th anniversary of his serendipitous discovery.

Perkin has also been awarded with Davy Medal, Albert Medal, and Perkin Medal.

The scientist died in 1907 of pneumonia and other medical repercussions of a burst appendix.