But the unrest has had one benefit: it has helped boost global oil prices to over $60 a barrel, providing desperately needed hard currency to the OPEC-member nation.
But the supreme leader also blamed the USA and its arch regional enemy, Saudi Arabia, for helping foment the protests' most violent aspects.
"The U.S. administration attempts to use the conditions in Iran to enhance its internal position and promote its domestic image by claiming false success", Fayyad, also professor of Iranian studies at Tanta University, told Xinhua.
In Syria, President Bashar Assad appeared to be on the ropes until Iran fully entered the conflict.
Haroonian and other Iranian-Jewish activists are in the minority for being more vocal in their support of the protestors in Iran.
Burns, a former deputy secretary of state, is president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. State-run Aftab News reported on Monday that Sina Ghanbari died in custody after being held in Tehran's notorious Evin Prison along with hundreds of other protesters.
Instead, the Trump administration should signal to its European partners that it will continue to enforce the deal but also expect them to join in a serious campaign to push back against the regime's behavior at home and overseas.
The powerful Guard blamed the unrest on the United States, Israel and Saudi Arabia, as well as an exiled opposition group known as the Mujahedeen-e-Khalq, and supporters of the monarchy that was overthrown in the 1979 Islamic Revolution. "The populaces with theirprotests are furious at Rouhani's government because of its domination of the public's wealth".
As the Iranian journalist Amir Ahmadi Arian puts it in an op-ed article for The New York Times, "Wealthy young Iranians act like a new aristocratic class unaware of the sources of their wealth".
Alongside high youth unemployment and inflation, many ordinary Iranians feel that the economic benefits they were promised following the USA -backed nuclear deal of 2015 failed to trickle down into their pockets.
The economic resentment seen in recent days could prompt the rise of another Ahmadinejad-style hard-line populist - if Iran's clerical leadership allows such a candidacy.
Both Rouhani and Khamenei have acknowledged the protesters' right to be heard.
The protests now sweeping Iran are being considered the largest challenge to the Iranian regime since the Green Movement uprising in 2009 after the re-election of former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
The demonstrations morphed quickly into protests against the clerical establishment and the country's leaders. That's in part due to the government blocking access to the popular messaging app Telegram, which demonstrators used to share images of the rallies and organize.
Around 3700 protesters were arrested during the unrest that spread across Iran for more than a week, parliament lawmakers have confirmed today.
Both President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said they supported the protesters, without apparently providing any aid.