Sunday, 10 December, 2017

Researchers Say Weigh Loss May Lead To Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

Molly Cranna for TIME Molly Cranna for TIME
Melissa Porter | 07 December, 2017, 18:49

Michael Lean, chair of Human Nutrition at the University of Glasgow in the United Kingdom, "putting the disease into remission is feasible".

Taylor also wrote that the study offered a more universal approach to reversing diabetes compared to undergoing bariatric surgery, which can achieve Type 2 diabetes remission for some people, but "is more expensive and risky, and is only available to a small number of patients".

The first-year results of a clinical trial have shown that nearly half of people partaking in an intensive weight management program delivered through primary care achieved remission of their type 2 diabetes without medication. Additionally, half maintained more than 10 kg loss - 75% of whom achieved remission.

The results of the trial, recently reported in The Lancet, suggest that remission of type 2 diabetes may be achievable through intensive weight management programs supported by routine primary care. The 149 participants in the weight programme would eat soups or health shakes to limit their calorie intake to 825-853 per day for three to five months.

More than four million people in Britain have Type 2 diabetes, costing the NHS £14 billion a year. This builds on the work into the underlying cause of the condition, so that we can target management effectively. Professor Taylor said: 'Substantial weight loss results in reduced fat inside the liver and pancreas, allowing the organs to return to normal function'.

Roy Taylor, a professor at Newcastle University in the United Kingdom who co-led the study said in a statement announcing the findings that the impact that diet and lifestyle has on diabetes are "rarely discussed".

Struggling with Type 2 diabetes?

He said: "Rather than addressing the root cause, management guidelines for Type 2 diabetes focus on reducing blood sugar levels through drug treatments". According to data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports, type 2 diabetes accounts for around 90 to 95 percent of cases in adults. The trial was delivered through GP practices across Scotland and Tyneside to find out if the benefits of a structured weight management programme can be felt in a real-life primary care setting. "The big challenge is long-term avoidance of weight re-gain".

Dr Elizabeth Robertson, director of research at Diabetes UK, which has committed more than £32.8m to the DiRECT study, welcomed the findings.

'In the meantime, we need to stress to people with Type 2 diabetes the importance of speaking to their GP, and seeking their support, before trying any kind of low calorie diet'.