Tuesday, 17 July, 2018

Smartphone addiction can lead to chemical imbalance in brain

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           Smart phone Addiction It’s a Problem
       By KJ Mc Elrath Home Environment | Health Smart phone Addiction It’s a Problem By KJ Mc Elrath
Melissa Porter | 02 December, 2017, 06:07

Even though this is an exaggerated sentiment, the number of people becoming highly dependent on portable electronic devices like smartphones for news, information, games, and even the occasional phone call, are increasing.

The study comprised of 19 subjects with a mean age of 15.9 that were determined to have web or smartphone compulsion, and an extra 19 sexual orientation and age-coordinated "sound" controls.

In addition to the growing concern that young people in particular are spending too much time on their phones rather than interacting with others, questions on the immediate effects on the brain and its possible long-term consequences are also being raised.

Standardized smartphone and internet addiction tests were used to calculate the severity of internet addiction.

Brain scans also showed levels of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical that slows down brain signals, and glutamine glutamate (Glx), a chemical that causes brain cells to become more electrically passionate, in the brain of each participant.

GABA is found in everybody's brain, except excessively of this neurotransmitter in the wrong zones can have stifling effects."When the typical capacity of the limbic framework is bothered, patients can create tension, wretchedness or enslavement", said Dr. Max Wintermark, a teacher of radiology and the head of neuroradiology at Stanford University.

Dr. Seo reported that the addicted teenagers had significantly higher scores in depression, anxiety, insomnia severity and impulsivity. Previous studies have found GABA to be involved in vision and motor control and the regulation of various brain functions, including anxiety.

Due to the small sample size used in the study, Wintermark stressed that it's too early to say that the chemical imbalances observed in the teens' brains are linked to clinical problems such as anxiety and depression.

However, the ratios of GABA and Glx in addicted young patients can be significantly reduced or normalized with cognitive behavioral therapy.

"There have been multiple studies published [that link] addiction to alcohol and other substances with chemical imbalances in different regions of the brain, but this is the first study I've read about internet addiction" that shows such a link, Wintermark told Live Science. The researchers found that GABA levels decreased and Glx levels increased in adolescent addiction after cognitive behavioral therapy. The Society is based in Oak Brook, Ill.